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Wood Buffalo National Park is the home of the largest population of wild bison in North America. It is located on the plains in the north-central region of Canada, in the provinces of Northwest Territories and Alberta.

Wood Buffalo National Park was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site during the 7th session of the World Heritage Committee meeting in Florence, Italy, on 5-9 December, 1983.

Photos of Wood Buffalo National Park

Wood Buffalo National Park
Wood Buffalo National Park
Author: Ansgar Walk (Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike 2.5 Generic)

Salt plains at Wood Buffalo National Park
Salt plains at Wood Buffalo National Park
Author: Ansgar Walk (Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike 2.5 Generic)

More on Wood Buffalo National Park

The Wood Buffalo National Park was created in 1922. Covering an area of 44,807 square kilometers, it is the largest national park in Canada. The elevation of the park ranges from 183 meters (600 feet) to 945 meters (3,100 feet) in the Caribou Mountains.

Within Wood Buffalo National Park is the Peace-Athabasca Delta, the largest freshwater river delta in the world. It is created by the Peace, Athbasca and Slave Rivers. The area also features a number of karst sinkholes.

Among the wildlife in Wood Buffalo National Park include moose, black bear, wolf, lynx, brown bear, snowshoe hare, sandhill crane, ruffed grouse, garter snake, and of course, Wood Buffalo. It is also the only natural nesting habitat of the whooping crane in Canada.

World Heritage Site Inscription Details

Location: N 59 21 30 W 112 17 36
Inscription Year: 1983
Type of Site: Natural
Inscription Criteria: VII, IX, X

Location Map


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Visiting Wood Buffalo National Park

The nearest town to Wood Buffalo National Park is Fort Smith. You can fly to Fort Smith from Edmonton. There are five flights per week. You can also drive there on the MacKenzie Highway, which links to Highway 5 near Hay River.

Click here to find the best rates for hotels from all the major online booking providers. If you prefer budget accommodation in hostels, guesthouses or inns, check out hostels worldwide for budget accommodation providers with online booking.


Local Tours of Canada

It is often cheaper and more practical to join a local tour of, if you are looking for a specific travel experience. Here are some local tours of Canada that you may want to include to your itinerary. These tours are arranged by Viator, one of the most reputable tour agencies in the market.

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