The temple and cemetery of Confucius and the Kong Family Mansion are a UNESCO World Heritage Site in the city of Qufu, in Shandong Province, China. Qufu is the birthplace of Confucius, and was also the capital of the State of Lu during the Spring and Autumn Period from around the 8th century BC to the first half of the 5th century BC.
The Temple of Confucius was built in 478 to commemorate him. Having been destroyed and rebuilt over time, the temple complex today totals more than a hundred buildings. The cemetery where Confucius was laid to rest also holds the remains of 100,000 of his descendants.
The family home of Confucius, originally a humble abode, has been developed into a gigantic aristocratic mansion with a total of 152 buildings. Its outstanding artistic and historic character is due to the devotion of successive Chinese emperors over it in the past two thousand years.
The temple and cemetery of Confucius, along with the Kong Family Mansion were inscribed during the 18 session of the World Heritage Committee meeting in Phuket, Thailand, on 12-17 December, 1994.
Photos of Temple and Cemetery of Confucius and the Kong Family Mansion in Qufu
Dacheng Hall, Confucius Temple, Qufu
Author: Gisling (Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported)
Kong Family Mansion in Qufu, Shandong Province
Author: Rolf Müller (Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike 3.0)
World Heritage Site Inscription Details
Location: N35 36 42 E116 58 30
Inscription Year: 1994
Type of Site: Cultural
Inscription Criteria: I, IV, VI
View Temple & Cemetery of Confucius and Kong Family Mansion in a larger map
Visiting Temple and Cemetery of Confucius and the Kong Family Mansion in Qufu
Qufu is located 180 km (112 miles) to the south of Jinan, the capital of Shandong Province. You can take a flight from a major city in China such as Beijing or Shanghai to Jinan, and then take a bus from Jinan to Qufu. It is possible to explore Qufu on foot.