Explore a different destination UNESCO World Heritage Site Historic City of Sucre, Bolivia


Historic City of Sucre, Bolivia
Historic City of Sucre, Bolivia
Author: Vico ricab (Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike 3.0)





The Historic City of Sucre was the first capital of Bolivia. Founded in the first half of the 16th century, Sucre contains many well-preserved heritage buildings, especially 16th century churches such as the San Lázaro (1544), San Francisco (1581) and the Santo Domingo (late 16th century). These buildings are outstanding examples of the fusion of European architectural style with local architectural traditions.

The city of Sucre was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site during the 15th session of the World Heritage Committee meeting in Carthage, Tunisia, from 9 to 13 December, 1991.

Photos of Historic City of Sucre

Historic City of Sucre, Bolivia
Historic City of Sucre, Bolivia
Author: jennifrog (Creative Commons Attribution 2.0)

Basilica de San Francisco, Sucre, Bolivia
Basilica de San Francisco, Sucre, Bolivia
Author: Vico ricab (Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike 3.0)

History of the City of Sucre

Although Bolivia was named after Simón Bolivar (1783-1830), the South American leader, its first capital was named after Bolivar's right-hand man, Antonio José de Sucre y Alcalá (1795-1830), who was a Venezuelan independence leader who became the first president of Bolivia in 1826. He was murdered in an ambush near Pasto, in southern Colombia, in 1830.

The city of Sucre was originally called La Plata. The site was a Charcas Indian settlement. The Indians called it Chuquisaca. The Spaniards designed a city with checkerboard-patterned streets, similar to all the cities established by the Spanished in the Americas in the 16th century. Proximity to the silver mining town of Potosi also greatly benefited La Plata. Major cultural institutions established here include the Universidad de San Francisco Javier in 1624, the Real Academia Carolina, a law institution, and the San Isabel de Hungria Seminario in 1595. The Charcas Audiencia, which was the early incarnation of the Supreme Court, was also established in Sucre.

The buildings within the historic centre of Sucre were built in the 18th century, and they share similar architectural style to those in Potosi. The structures from the late 18th to the early 19th centuries are adaptations of the Neoclassical style of metropolitan Spain at that time.

World Heritage Site Inscription Details

Location: S 19 02 35 W 65 15 33
Inscription Year: 1991
Type of Site: Cultural
Inscription Criteria: IV

Location Map

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