The City of Lübeck is the former capital of the Hanseatic League. Although the area around Holstein has been inhabited since as early as AD 700, the city itself was founded in the 12th century. By the 14th century, it became the "Queen of the Hanseatic League," being the biggest and most powerful member of the medieval trading organisation. Emperor Charles IV of the Holy Roman Empire called it the five "Glories of the Empire" along with Venice, Rome, Pisa and Florence.
The power of Lübeck began to decline following its defeat in the Count's Feud (1534-36). Although it managed to remain neutral in the Thirty Years' War (1618-1648), by then trading orientation had move transatlantic, resulting in lesser influence and significance for the Hanseatic League. Eventually it was disbanded in 1669, although Lübeck remained an important trading port on the Baltic Sea.
Hanseatic City of Lübeck was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site during the 11th session of the World Heritage Committee which met at the UNESCO Headquarters in Paris, France on 7-11 December, 1987.
Photos of Hanseatic City of Lübeck
Holstentor under restoration in Lübeck, with the Lion statue
Author: Arnold Paul (Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike 2.5 Generic)
Lübeck town hall
Author: Torstein Frogner (Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic)
Author: Torsten Bolten (Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported)
World Heritage Site Inscription Details
Location: N 53 52 0.012 E 10 41 30.012
Inscription Year: 1987
Type of Site: Cultural
Inscription Criteria: IV
Location Map of Hanseatic City of Lübeck
to be added soon.
Visiting Hanseatic City of Lübeck
Refer to my Lübeck Budget Travel Guide for details.