Explore a different destination UNESCO World Heritage Site Fujian Tulou, China






In Fujian Province, China, there are 46 earthen communal houses of the Hakka people, built between the 15th to the 20th century. These Hakka earthern houses are characterized by their circular and some times square floor plan. They are several storeys tall, and face inward to a central courtyard or quadrangle. These earthen homes are called Tulou.

The Fujian Tulou are set in the middle of rice, tea or tobacco fields. Their style of architecture reflect the need for community defence. The Tulou is often home to a single large, extended family, or clan, that may number as many as 800 people of the Hakka ethnic group. They are accessed through a single entrance. There are no windows facing the outside on the ground level, thus preventing intrusion by bandits.

The most elaborate Tulou were built in the 17th and 18th centuries. While the exterior appears plain, the interior of the Tulou are often elaborate, comfortable, and richly decorated.

The Fujian Tulou were inscribed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites during the 32nd session of the World Heritage Committee in Quebec City, Canada, on 2-10 July, 2008. They stand as exceptional examples of a building tradition that exemplify a particular type of communal living, as well as a type of structure built for communal defence. They are an outstanding example of human settlement that harmoniously blend with their environment.

Photos of Fujian Tulou

Zhenchenglou nin Yongding county, Fujian Province, China
Zhenchenglou nin Yongding county, Fujian Province, China
Author: Gisling (Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported)

Fujian Tulou, China
Fujian Tulou, China
Author: Gisling (Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported)

Zhenchenglou, China
Zhenchenglou, China
Author: Gisling (Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported)

Chuxi Tulou, China
Chuxi Tulou, China
Author: Gisling (Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported)

Jiqinglou, China
Jiqinglou, China
Author: Gisling (Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported)

Roud tulou, China
Roud tulou, China
Author: Gisling (Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported)

Tulou of Tian Luo Keng, Shuyang County, Fujian, China
Tulou of Tian Luo Keng, Shuyang County, Fujian, China
Author: Gisling (Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported)

Interior of the Tulou
Interior of the Tulou
Author: Gisling (Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported)

Yuchanglou, China
Yuchanglou, China
Author: Bolobolo (public domain)

Yuchanglou, a 700-year-old tulou in Yongding County, China
Yuchanglou, a 700-year-old tulou in Yongding County, China
Author: Gisling (Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported)

World Heritage Site Inscription Details

Location: N 25 1 23 E 117 41 9
Inscription Year: 2008
Type of Site: Cultural
Inscription Criteria: III, IV, V

Location Map


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Visiting Fujian Tulou

Your best bet is to arrive in one of the two major Fujian cities such as Xiamen or Fuzhou, and make arrangement with the local tour operator for an excursion to visit the Tulou. The Tulou are found in the Yongding district of Fujian Province. Hukeng is one of its more accessible towns.


Local Tours of China

At times, it is faster, safer and cheaper to join a local tour than to go there yourself. This is especially true for many places in China. However, you need to be wary of the tour operators, especially those in China.

Here are a few local tours of China that you may wish to add to your itinerary. These tours are arranged by Viator, one of the most reputable tour agencies in the market.

Proceed to China Travel Guide
Return to China's World Heritage Sites
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