Lake Neusiedl, also known as Neusiedlersee in German or Fertõ in Hungary, is the second biggest steppe lake in central Europe. It covers an area of 315 square kilometers, of which 240 square kilometers are located in Austria while the remaining 75 square kilometers are in Hungary.
Fertõ/Neusiedler Lake was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site during the 25th session of the World Heritage Committee meeting in Helsinki, Finland, on 11-16 December, 2001. This is because the site is an outstanding example of a traditional human settlement and land use representative of a culture. The site has seen human habitation that goes back to the Neolithic period. It was densely populated as early as the 7th century BC. In 454 AD the King of the Ostrogoths, Theodoric the Great, was born near Neusiedler Lake.
Today there are several towns along the shore of Lake Neusiedl including Illmitz, Podersdorf am See, Weiden, Neusiedl am See, Jois, Winden, Breitenbrunn, Purbach am Neusiedlersee, Donnerskirchen, Oggau, Rust and Mörbisch on the Austrian side, and Fertõrákos, Fertõboz, Fertõ d, Balf and Fertõújlak in Hungary.
Photos of Fertõ/Neusiedlersee Cultural Landscape
Neusiedler Lake in winter
Author: Lutz Fischer-Lamprecht (Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike 3.0)
Parish church of Neusiedl-am-see near Lake Neusiedl
Author: Joadl (Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike 3.0)
Author: Karl Gruber (Creative Commons Attribution 2.0)
What to See in Fertõ/Neusiedlersee Cultural Landscape
Lake Neusiedl is an important wildlife sanctuary for migratory birds. It has also become increasing popular as a sports recreation destination offering sailing and windsurfing. This attracts visitors in nearby Austria and Hungary. There is an annual freestyle swimming competition held at the lake where participants swim from Mörbisch to Illmitz.
World Heritage Site Inscription Details
Location: N 47 43 09.4 E 16 43 21.8
Inscription Year: 2001
Type of Site: Cultural
Inscription Criteria: V
Lake Neusiedl is located on the border between Austria and Hungary.
View Ferto/Neusiedlersee Cultural Landscape in a larger map
Visiting Fertõ/Neusiedlersee Cultural Landscape
Your base for visiting this World Heritage Site is Vienna in Austria or Budapest in Hungary. From either of these two cities you can make your arrangement to go to Lake Neusiedl, or select an appropriate tour package there. To help you in the preparation, here's a list of hotels in Vienna and hotels in Budapest.
Take the Ost-Autobahn (A4) from Vienna to Neusiedl am See on the northern shore of the lake. Alternatively, you can also take the Südost-Autobahn (A3) from Vienna to Mörbisch am See. From Budapest take Motorway M1 until the interchange with Highway 85 near the city of Györ. From there, head west to reach the FertÕd-Hanság National Park on the Hungarian side of the lake.
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