Acropolis of Athens, Greece
Author: IgnisFatuus (Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic)
The Acropolis of Athens is the best known acropolis in the world. It is so significant that it is simply known as The Acropolis, without qualification. The monuments of the Acropolis of Athens are universal symbols of the classical spirit and civilization, and stand as the greatest architectural and artistic complex of ancient Greece.
The unique monument of thought and the arts was erected in the second half of the 5th century BC, following the victory of the Greeks against the Persians and their subsequent establishment of democracy.
Within the Acropolis of Athens are the following ruins:
A project to restore the Acropolis began in 1975. The aim is to reverse the centuries of decay from attrition, pollution, destruction from wars and misguided past restorations. As part of the restoration effort, all stone fragments are collected, identified and documented. This includes even small pieces from the Acropolis and its slopes. As far as possible, original material is used to reassemble the ruins. Only when absolutely necessary is new marble from Mount Penteli added, but even then, sparingly.
- Old Temple of Athena
- Statue of Athena Promachos
- Temple of Athena Nike
- Sanctuary of Artemis Brauronia or Brauroneion
- Altar of Athena
- Sanctuary of Zeus Polieus
- Sanctuary of Pandion
- Odeon of Herodes Atticus
- Stoa of Eumenes
- Sanctuary of Asclepius or Asclepieion
- Theatre of Dionysus Eleuthereus
- Odeon of Pericles
- Temenos of Dionysus Eleuthereus
The restoration project, which is now nearing completion, has managed to restore 2,675 tons of architectural membrs. 686 stones were reassembled from broken pieces while 905 were patched with new marble. In addition 186 parts of entirely new marble had to be introduced, accounting for a total of 530 cubic meters of Pentelic marble.
Acropolis was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site during the 11th session of the World Heritage Committee at UNESCO Headquaters in Paris, France, on 7-11 December, 1987.
Photos of Acropolis
The Acropolis in the background with the Roman Agora in the foreground
Author: mpd0605 (Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic)
Author: Adam Carr (public domain)
World Heritage Site Inscription Details
Location: N 37 58 15.132 E 23 43 34.248
Inscription Year: 1987
Type of Site: Cultural
Inscription Criteria: I, II, III, IV, VI
Location Map of Acropolis
to be added soon.
The Acropolis of Athens is open daily from 8:00 am to 7:00 pm in summer and to sunset in winter. Admission fee is €12.00 with concessions available.